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雅思口語Part2新題:《善待不喜歡的人》話題解析

發布時間:2020-10-03 12:02:26瀏覽次數:0文章來源:方特 教育
導讀:  雅思口語Part2新題,《善待不喜歡的人》,這道題被很多同學都因為理解有誤而回答的認考官不太滿意。針對《善待不喜歡的人》,今天雅思

  雅思口語Part2新題,《善待不喜歡的人》,這道題被很多同學都因為理解有誤而回答的認考官不太滿意。針對《善待不喜歡的人》,今天雅思老師幫助大家解析具體答題思路,希望同學們如果在考試中遇到這類題,可以輕松應對。

  Describe a person you dislike but have to be friendly with

  You should say:

  • Who he/ she was

  • What the person is like

  • Why you didn't like him or her

  • And explain why you have to friendly to him or her

  這道題之所以是難題,也是因為它和絕大多數以正面為主的口語話題不同,它需要你從反面來闡述一個人。在這種情況下,很多同學表達負面意味的單詞告急,同時又覺得無法和之前的內容套用,最終就把這道題劃分為難題。

  但真的難么?我覺得它一點都不難。不管是你喜歡還是不喜歡的人,他們都是人,所以我們依舊是基于人的維度來闡述整個話題的。只是從原本要說一個人的好,變成他不好而已。

  舉個例子,我可能原本想從"dressing style"上來說一個人有時尚、有品味;而現在在這道題里,我可能就會去說他究竟是多么的邋遢、多么的臟亂。

  為了讓大家可以更好的來理解,現在我們就從小問題出發來一一進行分析。

  01、Who he/ she is

  針對第一個小問題,我們需要從人的維度里抽取1/2個來進行背景信息的介紹。基于2、3兩問可能涉及到的都是和性格相關的內容,在思考第一問時,你就不能再從"personality"著手,以免上下內容重復。

  以下有這么幾個維度是我比較推薦的:

  Name 名字

  這個維度經常被大家忽略,就覺得名字沒什么好講的。但你要注意的是,名字可以分為:中文名、英文名、小名以及綽號 (nickname)。

  像綽號就很值得我們一聊,尤其像這種你不喜歡的人,他的綽號一定就會以負面的為主。同時,可以進一步解釋一下給出這個綽號的原因以及他的個人反映。

  Example :

  A person that comes to mind is my foreign tutor, Bob, from the U.S. He is tall and a bit overweight with bald hair 禿頭. Because of this, we nicknamed 取綽號 him the White Egg. He was really angry about the name when he first heard about it and thought we were really horrible and offensive students.

  Family background 家庭背景

  粗淺一點來分,我們可以將其分為有錢的以及貧窮的。鑒于我們要講一個不喜歡的人,所以就可以從這種家庭環境下成長起來的孩子所帶有的劣根性來做進一步闡述。富裕家庭下的孩子,可能會非常嬌生慣養,炫富;貧困家庭里的孩子,可能會比較自卑、自尊心極強。

  Example :

  A person that comes to mind is my roomie, Lucy. She is from a wealthy 富裕的 family, so she is spoiled 寵溺 by her parents. Just from the clothes she wears, you can see that she enjoys a very lavish 奢侈的 lifestyle.

  Marital status 婚姻狀況

  "婚姻狀況"可分為:單身/結婚/離婚/喪偶。這個維度也是我很喜歡,但很少會有同學從這個角度來思考問題。從正面來說明,一個人的離異和喪偶,可以看出這個人非常堅毅敢于面對人生的悲劇;而這道題我們需要從負面來看,一個人的離異和喪偶,也可能讓他變得非常郁郁不得志。

  Example:

  A person that comes to mind is my neighbor, an old-aged 老年的 man, who must be getting on for 接近 70. He lives alone and his wife passed away 10 years ago. As his children don’t want to look after him, he takes care of himself. Because of this, his clothes are always dirty and he always has very unkempt 蓬亂的 hair.

  How you know the person 你怎么知道這個人的

  鑒于剩余三個小問沒有問到你和這個人的認識過程,你就可以把"How you know the person"作為一個維度放在第一小問里來補充信息。為此,你需要給到我:

  step one: 你第一次是怎么知道這個人的(哪個時間點/通過誰/或者在哪個地方)

  step two: 你對他的第一印象(可以是給你留下好的印象,也可以是不好的)

  step three: 之后是怎么進一步接觸的(線上?線下)+你們目前的關系

  Example :

  A person that comes to mind is a 5-year-old boy, living next door to me. The first time I met him was when his family moved to our neighborhood. His parents brought him to my home and gave us some hand-made cookies as a gift. I was touched by their kind gesture 善意的舉止. Ever since then, when his parents are busy, he comes over to my house.

雅思口語Part2新題:《善待不喜歡的人》話題解析

  02、What the person is like

  這個小問需要我們給出和人性格相關的內容,并且基本需要和負面的性格有關。鑒于這又是一道"What"類型的問題,我們需要按"主次"或者"時間線"的方式來思考整個小問。

  按主次拆分

  絕大多數人對他性格的評價,小部分人對他性格的評價。

  Example:

  Most people think he is a very kind-hearted person who likes to offer help to others when they are in need. However, I think he is a bit two-faced 兩面派的. He always talks about people behind their backs 背后說人壞話. I remember once he helped a junior to revise. When he came back, he started complaining about how stupid he was. I was really shocked by his words.

  按時間線拆分

  可分為兩種情況:客觀變化和主觀變化。

  客觀變化是其自身的前后變化。可能原本性格還不錯,但后來因為某種原因,開始出現一些負面的性格特征。

  Example:

  She used to be a very outgoing and optimistic girl who always had a smile on her face and liked to chat with others. However, ever since she was dumped 被甩 by her boyfriend. She has changed a lot. There is no smile and it is very depressing chatting with her, as she is very pessimistic about everything.

  主觀變化則是你對他的性格產生印象上的變化。原本你可能覺得她應該是個性格不錯的人,后來熟知以后才發現,她原來有很多不好的性格。

  Example:

  When we first met, I thought she was very warm-hearted and hospitable 熱情好客的. She helped me carry my heavy suitcases and even prepared small gifts for me. However, when we got to know each other a bit better, I found out that, actually, she was a very mean 刻薄的 and demanding 苛刻的 person. She always asks people to do things for her but she never says Thank you. Sometimes, she uses our personal stuff without asking.

  按"How you know the person"的結構來

  在第一問里,我有提到可以按這個結構來補充第一問的細節信息。不過第二小問其實也可以。你可以按自己的喜好來究竟選擇在哪一問拓展。

  為什么第二小問也可以按這個結構來拓展內容呢?無非你第一次認識一個人的時候也會對這個人的性格有一定的評價。可能那個時候就覺得他不錯,但后來在進一步接觸之后,你發現他并沒有你想象這么好,所以你對他的印象也就變得不是很好。

  Example two:

  The first time I met him was in our first class. At that time, I thought he was a nice and gentle person who wore formal suits with polished leather shoes. However, I was completely wrong. When I had more classes with him, I realized that he was a very mean person, and soon became my least favorite teacher.

  03、Why you dislike the person

  很多學生普遍反映,這個小問和第二小問基本一致。那么我的建議時,你可以繼續給出一個他讓你討厭的性格做為內容補充。

  就相當于,第二個小問已經在說明我為什么不喜歡他了,但這個問題里涵蓋了另一個我不喜歡他的點。

  至于你對他的不喜歡,可以從他和你的關系上來說明。他如果是你的老師,你不喜歡的可能就是他的上課方式、對學生的態度等;他如果是你的室友,你不喜歡的可能就是他的生活習慣;他如果是你的同學,你不喜歡的可能就是他的學習態度等。

  Example one:

  Another reason why I dislike him is because of his self-centeredness 以自我為中心. He is a night owl 夜貓子 who always stays up for the whole night while playing video games. More annoyingly, he plays music loudly even at midnight without considering that we are sleeping. He is also the troublemaker of our dorm. He leaves the place a mess 糟亂 and just drops his rubbish on the floor.

  Example two:

  Another reason why I dislike her is that she is not an honest person and she always cheats in the exam. When we are busy preparing for the exams, she tries every trick in the book 想盡各種辦法 to cheat. Once she tried to bring her notes into the exams by hiding up her sleeve. Surprisingly, she has never been caught.

  Example three:

  I dislike him as he is bad-tempered 脾氣差的. He always scolds 訓斥 students in the exams when they can’t cope with a question and even calls them idiots. He never gives students encouragement, instead, he always tells us how bad we are. Because of this, most of my friends feel very stressed. In addition, he is very impatient. When we ask him questions, he gets irritated 變的惱怒 easily and very upset if we disturb him during his break. I am so frustrated that he is our teacher.

  04、Why you have to be friendly to him/ her

  至于你為什么對于這些你不喜歡的人還要保持友好,簡單而言,怕找麻煩。

  你怕你的老師、領導會給你穿小鞋;

  你怕你的室友會做一些不利于你的事;

  你怕你的同學會不愿與你合作等等。

  除此之外,有些人保持友好也可能出于所謂的禮貌。比如,對于家里的長輩,你不得不禮貌,不管你有多么的討厭他。

  Example one:

  Even though I can’t tolerate 無法忍受 him, I need to be very friendly and polite to him, as he is still my teacher who grades my work and assesses 評定 me. He is the kind of person to bear a grudge 記仇, so I am afraid that if I am not polite and respectful, he will give me a low score. It has already happened to several of my classmates.

  Example two:

  Even though I can’t stand 無法忍受 him at all, I bite my tongue 忍氣吞聲 and am still friendly, as we still need to share the room for another year. If we have any conflicts during the period, I think it will be very embarrassing and awkward. In addition, as there are so many murder cases 謀殺案 in recent years happening in the dormitories, I am afraid that maybe he will do something bad to me as well. In order to keep safe, I think being friendly is the best way.

  Example three:

  Even though I dislike him, I still have to be friendly to him just because my parents asked me to do so. They always tell me that being polite to senior people is a kind of courtesy 禮儀. No matter how much he is driving me mad, I should tolerate it, or it looks bad for my parents. I don’t really understand it, but I I do it, just to keep my parents happy.

  看完了以上4個小問的拆解后,你有想法來完成屬于你自己的話題了么?如果對于此類型的題還是不太了解答題思路,大家需要專業的雅思老師幫助輔導了,在線咨詢方特 雅思的客服老師,為大家輔導雅思口語及其他科目相關內容。

 

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